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REPORT # Nano-233 PUBLISHED November 10, 2010
Market Opportunities for Supercapacitors
CATEGORIES :
  • Advanced Materials
  • Renewable Energy
  • SUMMARY
    Like many “new” technologies, the supercapacitor actually has a long history that goes back decades.  In the past few years, though, new materials and improvements in manufacturing have made supercapacitors a force to reckoned with in the energy storage world.  In addition, the range of applications for supercapacitors have broadened to the point where it seems supercapacitors will almost certainly be a major revenue opportunity for both device makers and materials companies over the coming decade.

    The uses of supercapacitors also seem to fit well with the current enthusiasm for green technologies.  They have, for example, been used in green building, wind turbines, and for frequency regulation in Smart Grids.  Meanwhile, supercapacitor use is expanding rapidly in the transportation sector.  The Toyota Prius uses them for backup power when braking and some BMW models use them in power assists.  Supercapacitor equiped buses have been used in relatively small numbers in California and China is deploying 13,000 electric buses.  

    As supercapacitors become increasingly miniaturized, NanoMarkets also sees them playing a growing role in consumer markets.  Applications where supercapacitors have been suggested in the realm of consumer products include notebook PCs, digital music players, handheld devices of many kinds, toys, ebook readers and cell phones.  Yet another area that has attracted considerable attention for future use of supercapacitors is in power tools, where an essential requirement is to store power and recharge.

    With so many opportunities available, NanoMarkets believed that it was high time to provide an analysis of where the money will be made in the supercapacitor business and where there is nothing but hype.  In this study we also look at the improvements in supercapacitors that are expected through the use of novel materials such as graphene and how materials firms in general can best capitalize on a supercapacitor boom.

    Noting that manufacturing improvements have already led to significant changes in supercapacitor efficiency and other performance parameters, we also explore the cost reduction and manufacturing trends in the supercapacitor business.  In addition, the report contains detailed eight year forecasts in terms of supercapacitor applications, capacity and technology along with the profiles of leading supercapacitor manufacturers.
  • TABLE OF CONTENTS
    Executive Summary
    E.1 Emerging Opportunities for Supercapacitor Firms
    E.1.1 New Opportunities Appearing for Supercapacitors
    E.2 Vehicular Applications
    E.3 Smart Electricity Grids
    E.4  Supercapacitors, Renewable Energy and "Green" Building
    E.5 Opportunities for Supercapacitors in Consumer Products and Computers
    E.6 Firms to Watch
    E.6.1 Advanced Capacitor Technologies (ACT) (Japan)
    E.6.2 Axion Power (U.S.)
    E.6.3 CAP-XX (Australia)
    E.6.4 EEStor (U.S.)
    E.6.5 EnerG2 (U.S.)
    E.6.6 ESMA (Russia)
    E.6.7 FastCAP (U.S.)
    E.6.8 Graphene Energy (U.S.)
    E.6.9 Ioxus
    E.6.10 Maxwell Technologies
    E.6.11 Nesscap (Korea)
    E.6.12 Reticle (U.S.)
    E.6.13 Skeleton Technologies (Estonia)
    E.6.14 Y-Carbon (U.S.)
    E.7 Supercapacitor-Related Opportunities for Materials Firms
    E.8 Summary of Forecasts
     
    Chapter One: Introduction
    1.1 Background to This Report
    1.1.1 Supercapacitors, the Smart Grid and the "Green" Power Industry
    1.1.2 Trains, Boats and Planes and Supercapacitors:   Supercapacitors and Transport
    1.1.3 Supercapacitors in Consumer Products and Microelectronics
    1.1.4 Other Applications for Supercapacitors
    1.1.5 Supercapacitors:  Opportunities, Improvements and Ways Forward
    1.2 Objective and Scope of this Report
    1.3 Methodology of This Report
    1.4 Plan of This Report
     
    Chapter Two: Supercapacitor Technology Trends
    2.1 Introduction:  Supercapacitors Improve and Markets Expand
    2.2 Current Designs for Supercapacitors
    2.2.1 Electrochemical Double-Layered Capacitors
    2.2.2 Pseudocapacitors or Redox-Capacitors
    2.2.3 Hybrid Capacitors
    2.3 Future Supercapacitor Designs and Supercapacitor R&D
    2.3.1 Paper Supercapacitors
    2.3.2 Miniaturization of Supercapacitors
    2.4 Hybridization with Batteries
    2.4.1 Ultrabatteries
    2.5 Commercially Interesting Supercapacitor R&D Projects
    2.5.1 Monolithic Carbide-Derived Carbon Films for Micro-Supercapacitors  (U.S. and France)
    2.5.2 Ultracapacitor for Electric and Hybrid Electric Vehicles (India)
    2.5.3 Manufacturing Deformable Energy Storage Devices from  Carbon Nanotube Macro-Films (U.S.)
    2.5.4 High Energy & Power Density Supercapacitor-Based Energy Storage System  (HESCAP)(Spain, France, Greece, Estonia and the Ukraine)
    2.5.5 ANL Project on Actively Coupled Ultracapacitor-Battery System (U.S.)
    2.5.6 "TRANS-SUPERCAP": Energy-Optimized Electrical Systems for Land Transport Using Batteries and Supercapacitors (Romania)
    2.5.7 Sahz Supercapacitor Pilot Plant (Malaysia)
    2.6 Energy Density and Other Performance Trends
    2.6.1 Current Trends in Energy Density
    2.6.2 Current Trends in Equivalent Series Resistance (ESR)
    2.6.3 Current Trends in Operating Voltage
    2.7 Technology Challenges for Supercapacitors
    2.7.1 Energy Density
    2.7.2 Self-Discharge Rate
    2.7.3 Costs
    2.7.4 Package Development
    2.8 Material Trends and Uses in Supercapacitors
    2.8.1 Activated Carbon
    2.8.2 Carbon Nanotubes, Nanowires and Graphene
    2.8.3 Carbon Aerogels
    2.8.4 Carbon Precursors and Potassium Hydroxide Activation
    2.8.5 Conductive Polymers and Other Organic Materials
    2.9 Key Points from this Chapter
     
    Chapter Three: Supercapacitor Applications and Markets
    3.1 Introduction
    3.2 Vehicular Applications
    3.2.1 Electric Vehicles, Hybrid Electric Vehicles and Supercapacitors
    3.2.2 Public Transport Applications
    3.2.3 Private Vehicle Applications
    3.2.4 Racing Vehicle Applications
    3.2.5 Supercapacitors as a Sole Source of Vehicular Power
    3.3 Smart Electricity Grids
    3.3.1 Supercapacitors and Microgrids
    3.3.2 Renewable Power Integration
    3.3.3 Supercapacitors and UPS
    3.4 Consumer Electronics
    3.4.1 Digital Still Cameras
    3.4.2 Digital Music Players
    3.4.3 Smart Phones
    3.4.4 Notebook PCs
    3.4.5 Toys
    3.5 Other Microelectronic Systems
    3.5.1 Memory Backup
    3.6 Power Tools
    3.7 Green Building Applications
    3.7.1 Residential and Commercial Photovoltaic Systems
    3.8 Military and Aerospace Applications
    3.9 Other Industrial Applications
    3.10 Key Points from this Chapter
     
    Chapter Four: Eight-Year Forecasts of Supercapacitor Markets
    4.1 Forecasting Methodology
    4.1.1 Forecasting Uncertainties and Alternative Scenarios
    4.1.2 Data Sources
    4.2 Pricing and Cost Trends
    4.3 Eight-year Forecast of Supercapacitors in Solar and Wind Applications
    4.4 Eight-year Forecast of Supercapacitors in Smart Grids
    4.5 Eight-Year Forecast of Supercapacitors in Consumer Electronics
    4.6 Eight-Year Forecast of Supercapacitors in EVs, HEVs and Conventional Cars
    4.7 Summary of Eight-Year Forecasts of Supercapacitor Markets
     
    Acronyms and Abbreviations Used In this Report
    About the Author
     
    List of Exhibits
     
    Exhibit E-1
    Advantages and Disadvantages of Supercapacitors
     
    Exhibit E-2
    Worldwide Market for Supercapacitors ($ Million)
     
    Exhibit 4-1
    Supercapacitor Markets:  Solar and Wind
     
    Exhibit 4-2
    Worldwide Market for Smart-Grid Supercapacitors (MWh)
     
    Exhibit 4-3
    Cost Per Kilowatt Hour for Supercapacitor Storage In Smart Grids
     
    Exhibit 4-4
    Worldwide Market for Smart-Grid Supercapacitors ($ Millions)
     
    Exhibit 4-5
    Worldwide Market for Supercapacitors In Consumer Electronics
     
    Exhibit 4-6
    Worldwide Market for Supercapacitors in Electric, Hybrid and Conventional Vehicles
     
    Exhibit 4-7
    Worldwide Market for Supercapacitors ($ Millions)

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