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REPORT # Nano-196 PUBLISHED May 13, 2010
Organic and Dye-Sensitized Cell Photovoltaics: Materials, Applications and Opportunities 2010
  • Renewable Energy
    Updated coverage of these markets was released in April 2011.
    It has always been apparent that organic photovoltaics (OPV) would not easily match the conversion efficiencies of the inorganic thin-film PV technologies or conventional silicon PV. Nonetheless, OPV has been expected to easily compete with its rivals on cost. Unfortunately, for OPV, this assumption is now being challenged. The cost of OPV has not declined as quickly as many had hoped, while competitive technologies have seen more rapid than anticipated reductions in cost. It is no longer a foregone conclusion that OPV will be the cheapest PV technology.
    Does this mean that the end of the road is near for OPV? We don't believe so. In this new report NanoMarkets analyzes the OPV industry and show which applications will preserve the OPV market as a growth business. OPV has some unique features that distinguish it from the inorganic TFPVs; features like extreme flexibility and ease of manufacturing that can allow it to enter some markets where the other PV technologies cannot.
    In this report, NanoMarkets discusses how and where these distinguishing features can be turned in opportunities. We also examine where hybrid organic/inorganic PV, notably dye sensitized cells (DSCs), is making its mark; in building integrated PV and other areas.
    This report provides NanoMarkets' latest analysis and forecasts of the opportunities available in OPV and DSC markets. The focus for growth in the OPV/DSC business now look very different than predicted even a year ago. So this report is essential reading for any firm seeking to generate new business revenues in this industry.
    Executive Summary:
    E.1 Introduction: OPV and DSC in a Competitive Marketplace
    E.2 What's Changed Since Last Year
    E.3 Capitalizing on Unique Features of OPV and DSC
    E.4 Where OPV and DSC Will Fail
    E.5 Opportunities for Technology Improvement
    E.6 Opportunities for Filling Market Niches
    E.7 Firms to Watch
    E.8 Summary of Eight-Year Forecasts
    Chapter One: Introduction
    1.1 Background to this Report
    1.1.1 Cost Considerations
    1.1.2 Performance: Can It Be Redefined?
    1.1.3 Applications: How Can OPV and DSC Change the Rules?
    1.2 Objectives and Scope of this Report
    1.3 Methodology of this Report
    1.4 Plan of this Report
    Chapter Two: OPV and DSC Technologies and Materials: What's New? What's Improved?
    2.1 OPV and DSC: The State of the Art
    2.1.1 OPV Cell Architecture
    2.1.2 DSC Cell Architecture
    2.1.3 Tandem Cells
    2.1.4 The Bandgap, the HOMO, and the LUMO
    2.2 Recent Improvements in Efficiency in the Lab and in Commercial Production
    2.2.1 OPV Efficiency
    2.2.2 DSC Efficiency
    2.2.3 Low-Light Efficiency
    2.3 Cost Considerations: Only the Cheap Survive
    2.3.1 OPV Cost Reduction Opportunities
    2.3.2 DSC Cost Reduction Opportunities
    2.4 New Developments in OPV and DSC Materials
    2.4.1 The Encapsulation Imperative
    2.4.2 OPV with Inorganics: The New Hybrid Approaches
    2.5 Printing, OPV, and DSC: Is This Really the Key to Low Cost?
    2.6 Key Points Made in this Chapter
    Chapter Three: The New Markets for OPV and DSC
    3.1 Introduction: Differentiating OPV and DSC from Other PV Technologies
    3.1.1 Competing on Performance: Depends on Definition of "Performance"
    3.1.2 Competing on Cost: The Race with Inorganic TFPV
    3.1.3 What's Left to Compete On?
    3.2 Off-Grid Applications for OPV and DSC
    3.2.1 The Return of the "Solar Calculator"
    3.2.2 Battery Charging and Portable Electronics
    3.2.3 Power for Signs
    3.2.4 PV Anywhere: PV Textiles, Clothing, and Tarps
    3.3 On-Grid Applications for OPV and DSC
    3.3.1 Utilities and Conventional Panels
    3.3.2 BIPV, Architecture, and the Power of Plastic
    3.4 New Opportunities for OPV and DSC in Emerging Electronics
    3.4.1 OPV/DSC and Batteries: A Powerful Pair?
    3.4.2 RFID Finds a New Power Supply?
    3.4.3 Truly Disposable PV: Can OPV Make it Happen?
    3.5 Key Points Made in this Chapter
    Chapter Four: Eight-Year Forecasts for OPV and DSC Materials and Devices
    4.1 Forecasting Methodology
    4.1.1 Data Sources
    4.1.2 Scope of Forecast
    4.2 Alternative Scenarios
    4.3 Eight-Year Forecasts of OPV Materials
    4.4 Eight-Year Forecasts of DSC Materials
    4.5 Eight-Year Forecasts of OPV Devices by Application
    4.6 Eight-Year Forecasts of DSC Devices by Application
    4.7 Summary of Forecasts
    Chapter Five: Profiles of Companies Active in OPV and DSC Markets
    5.1 Agfa
    5.2 BASF
    5.3 Dyesol
    5.4 G24i
    5.5 Global Photonic Energy
    5.6 H.C. Starck
    5.7 Heliatek
    5.8 Konarka
    5.9 Merck
    5.10 Mitsubishi
    5.11 Peccell
    5.12 Plextronics
    5.13 Solarmer
    5.14 Solaronix
    5.15 SolarPrint
    5.16 Sony
    Abbreviations and Acronyms Used In this Report
    About the Author
    List of Exhibits
    Exhibit E-1: Summary of Eight-Year Forecasts of OPV and DSC Revenues ($ Millions)
    Exhibit 4-1: OPV Module Revenues
    Exhibit 4-2: OPV Materials Costs
    Exhibit 4-3: DSC Module Revenues
    Exhibit 4-4: DSC Materials Costs ($ Millions)
    Exhibit 4-5: OPV Revenues for Grid-Connected Applications
    Exhibit 4-6: OPV Revenues for Off-Grid Applications
    Exhibit 4-7: OPV Revenues by Applications
    Exhibit 4-8: DSC Revenues for Grid-Connected Applications
    Exhibit 4-9: DSC Revenues for Off-Grid Applications
    Exhibit 4-10: DSC Revenues by Application
    Exhibit 4-11: Summary of OPV and DSC Revenues ($ Millions)
    Exhibit 5-1: Agfa's Orgacon Line
    Exhibit 5-2: H.C. Starck PEDOT:PSS Materials
    Exhibit 5-3: H.C. Starck's Roadmap to High-Conductivity Clevios


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